These are some references on microscopy, and related techniques, for applications in optics, biological sciences, and medicine. The following terminology is discussed in the given references:

Optical architecture for the multiple-prism beam expander microscope/microdensitometer (MPBEM). The beam incident on the object can be, for example, 25-50 mm wide X 25 µm high. This is an extremely elongated beam (in the plane of propagation) with a width to height ratio in the range of 1000:1 to 2000:1. The MPBEM has a dual optical mode of operation and can also be configured as a pure N-slit laser interferometer (NSLI) (for reviews see Tunable Laser Applications).

The use of light beams extremely elongated in one plane (25-50 mm) and extremely thin (10-30 µm) in the orthogonal plane was introduced for microscopy and microdensitometry applications in the early 1990s (see, for example, Duarte 1993). This type of one-dimensionally beam-expanded illumination for microscopy has also become known as thin light sheet illumination and selective plane illumination. Resolution into the nanometer regime can be extended via interferometric calculations.

The 1991 and 1993 papers also reported, for the first time, on the use of quantum mechanics techniques, via Dirac's notation, in the field of imaging. These papers further illustrated the prediction of measured interferograms using interferometric equations derived using Dirac's quantum notation.


Dirac Optics

Dye Laser Medicine

Tunable Laser Medicine

Medical Laser Services

Key words: citology, imaging, interferometry, interferometric microdensitometer, interferometric microscopy, interferometric nanoscopy, structural analysis, microscopy, microdensitometry, multiple-prism beam expansion, multiple-prism pulse compression, multiple-prism dispersion theory, quantum, quantum imaging.

Page published on the 5th of July, 2009.

Last updated on the 28th of September, 2016.