Dye lasers are used, and have been used, in a plethora of medical applications. The list given here is representative but not exhaustive. Although many additional laser types have been integrated to the medical armamentarium, dye lasers still provide an attractive avenue particularly for applications requiring efficient long-pulse emission directly in the visible spectrum. The references included here relate to the highlighted applications.


  • F. J. Duarte, Liquid and solid-state tunable organic dye lasers for medical applications, in Lasers for Medical Applications, H. Jelinkova (Ed.) (Woodhead, Oxford, 2013) Chapter 7.
  • A. Costela et al., Medical applications of dye lasers, in Tunable Laser Applications, F. J. Duarte (Ed.), 2nd Ed. (CRC, New York, 2009) Chapter 8.
  • H. R. Aldag and D. H. Titterton, From flashlamp-pumped liquid dye lasers to diode-pumped solid-state dye lasers, SPIE Photonics West (2005).
  • D. H. Titterton, in Handbook of Laser Technology and Applications, C. E. Webb and J. D. C. Jones (Eds.) (Institute of Physics, London, 2004) Chapter B 5.3.
  • T. A. King, in Lasers and Current Optical Techniques in Biology, G. Palumbo and R Pratesi (Eds.) (RSC, London, 2004) Chapter 2.
  • F. J. Duarte and D. R. Foster, Lasers, dye, in The Optics Encyclopedia, Volume 2, T. G. Brown et al. Eds. (Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2004) pp. 1065-1096.
  • R. M. Clement and M. N. Kiernan, Reduction of vascular blemishes by selective thermolysis , US Patent 6605083 (2003).
  • R. M. Clement, M. N. Kiernan, and K . Donne, Treatment of vascular lessions, US Patent 6398801 (2002).
  • F. J. Duarte, Multiple-prism arrays in laser optics, Am. J. Phys. 68, 162-166 (2000).
  • J. A. Harrington, Proceedings of Biomedical Fiber Optic Instrumentation (SPIE, Bellingham, 1994).
  • D. Brault, Proceedings of Photodynamic Therapy of Cancer II (SPIE, Bellingham, 1994).
  • F. J. Duarte, Laser oscillator, US Patent 5181222 (1993).
  • A. Vassialiadis et al., Dental laser assembly with dual lasers, US Patent 5207576 (1993).
  • L. Goldman (Ed.), Laser Non-Surgical Medicine (Technomic, Lancaster, 1991).
  • M. R. Prince et al., Ball-tipped fibers for laser angioplasty with the pulsed dye laser, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2297-2304 (1990).
  • K. W. Gregory and R. R. Anderson, Liquid core light guide for laser angioplasty, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2289-2296 (1990).
  • M. D. Ainsworth and J. A. Piper, in Phototherapy of Cancer, G. Morstyn and A. H. Kaye, Eds. (Hardwood Academic, London, 1990) Chapter 3.
  • L. Goldman, Dye lasers in medicine, in Dye Laser Principles , F. J. Duarte and L. W. Hillman, Eds. (Academic, New York, 1990) Chapter 10.

    References Mentioning Biomedicine and Photobiology

    Tunable Laser Medicine

    Tunable Laser Microscopy

    Page published on the 2nd of March, 2005; Last updated on the 15th of January, 2020